Elbląg is a city located in the Warmia-Masuria voivodeship and is the capital of the rural poviat. It is one of the largest cities in northern Poland, lying on the mouth of the River Elbląg that flows into the Vistula Lagoon. Founded in 1237 and receiving municipal rights in 1246, it is one of the oldest cities in the voivodeship and in Poland.
Its area equals to 79.82 km² and the number of dwellers amounts to 123,000, which gives the population density of about 1,500 persons/km².
Elbląg is a centre of heavy industry (Metallurgy Plant and Turbine Plant General Electric FLSmidth MAAG Gear - Poland), food (brewery being a part of Grupa Żywiec), tourism (Elbląg Canal with its famous locks).
Elbląg’s nearest neighbours are Malbork with the largest Teutonic Knights’ fortress in Europe, Frombork with Copernicus history and basilica famous for international organ concerts and the Vistula Lagoon.
The city lies on the River Elbląg connecting Drużno Lake and the Vistula Lagoon, on the border of two geographical regions, Żuławy Wiślane, resembling the landscape of the Netherlands, and the Elbląg Heights located over the Vistula Lagoon.
It is situated near the route from Warszawa to Gdańsk and from Kaliningrad (Russian Federation) and the Baltic States to Western Europe. The port in Elbląg creates an opportunity to travel to tourist resorts in northern Poland but also to Kaliningrad District.
Proximity to the Russian border (about 50 km) makes Elbląg be surrounded by 3 million potential clients (the 120 km radius), incl. 1 million from Kaliningrad District. 50 km away from Elbląg, there are two border crossings with Kaliningrad District (Gronowo and Grzechotki). Both crossings account for over 60% of individual traffic.
Elbląg - location
Elbląg has an attractive geographical location, being situated near the routes for all types of transport. It is an international hub between east and west, joining Kaliningrad District with Poland and Western Europe (S22 route connecting Berlin and Kaliningrad and further to Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia and Finland; the route belongs to the Transeuropean Transport Network)
S7 route runs here and connects cities like Gdańsk, Warszawa, Kraków and Budapest.
Car transport – it is possible to easily reach both large cities such as Gdańsk, Gdynia, Olsztyn and Bydgoszcz and picturesque areas of Warmia-Masuria and Pomerania.
Waterway – due to Elbląg’s location, water transport is convenient and varied.
Through connection with the Vistula Lagoon, it has access to the Baltic Sea, being the only port in Warmia-Masuria for passengers, goods and tourists.
Elbląg, as one of two ports in the Vistula Lagoon (the other is Frombork), has a sea border crossing for yachts going to Kaliningrad District.
Proximity to ports in Gdańsk, Gdynia, Kaliningrad and in Scandinavia creates an opportunity for intensive collaboration in the Baltic Sea region.
- N 54°10'
- E 19°24'
- area: 79.82 km2
- population: 122,368 (as of 31.12.2014.)
- population density: 1,533 /km2 (as of 31.12.2014.)
The city’s economy
- average gross salary in Elbląg: 3,620.55 PLN (aa of 31.12.2014))
- number of business entities: 11,484 (as of 31.08.2015 r.)
- business entities – according to size:
- 0-9 employees: 10,949 (as of 31.08.2015.)
- 10-49 : 122 (as of 31.08.2015.)
- 50-249 : 16 (as of 31.08.2015)
- 250 and more 107 (as of 31.08.2015.)
- flats put into use 333 (as of 31.12.2014), 46 (as of 31.08.2015)
- average price of one/two-room flats 3,940 zlotys per m2 (as of 31.12.2014 )
- average price of three-/four-room flats 3,670 zlotys per m2 (as of 31.12.2014 )
- business land tax : 0.80 zlotys per m2
- property tax: 0.68 zlotys per m2
- business property tax: 20.85 zlotys per m2
- waste disposal fees:
- unsorted waste: 16,63 zlotys per person
- sorter waste: 9,50 zlotys per person